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Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency Ltd. [MUDRA] is an NBFC supporting development of the micro-enterprise sector in the country. MUDRA provides refinance support to Banks / MFIs / NBFCs for lending to micro units having loan requirement up to 10 lakh. MUDRA provides refinance support to micro business under the Scheme of Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana. The other products are for development support to the sector. The bouquet of offerings of MUDRA is depicted below. The offerings are being targeted across the spectrum of beneficiary segm
Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY)
Under the aegis of Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY), MUDRA has created products/ schemes. The interventions have been named ‘Shishu’, ‘Kishore’ and ‘Tarun’ to signify the stage of growth / development and funding needs of the beneficiary micro unit / entrepreneur and also provide a reference point for the next phase of graduation / growth to look forward to :
- Shishu : covering loans upto 50,000/-
- Kishor : covering loans above 50,000/- and upto 5 lakh
- Tarun : covering loans above 5 lakh and upto 10 lakh
With an objective to promote entrepreneurship among the new generation aspiring youth, it is ensured that more focus is given to Shishu Category Units and then Kishore and Tarun categories.
Within the framework and overall objective of development and growth of micro enterprises sector under Shishu, Kishore and Tarun, the products being offered by MUDRA are so designed, to meet requirements of different sectors / business activities as well as business/ entrepreneur segments.
The funding support from MUDRA are of two types:
- Micro Credit Scheme (MCS) for loans up to 1 lakh finance through MFIs.
- Refinance Scheme for Commercial Banks / Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) / Small Finance Banks / Non Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs).
Micro Credit Scheme:
Micro Credit Scheme is offered mainly through Micro Finance Institutions (MFIs), who deliver the credit up to 1 lakh, for various micro enterprise / small business activities. Although the model of delivery may be through SHGs/JLGs/ Individuals, the loans are given by the MFIs to individual entrepreneurs for specific income generating micro enterprise/ small business activities.
Refinance Scheme for Banks/NBFCs
Different banks like Commercial Banks, Regional Rural Banks, Small Finance Banks and NBFCs are eligible to avail of refinance support from MUDRA for financing micro enterprise activities. The refinance is available for term loan and working capital loan up to an amount of 10 lakh per unit. The eligible banks/NBFC, who comply to the requirements as notified, can avail of refinance from MUDRA for the loans given by them for eligible MUDRA compliant activities under Shishu, Kishore and Tarun categories. In order to encourage women entrepreneurs, the financing banks / MFIs may consider extending additional facilities, including interest reduction on their loan. At present, MUDRA extends a reduction of 25 bps in its interest rates to MFIs / NBFCs, who are providing loans to women entrepreneurs.
Purpose of MUDRA loan
Mudra loan is extended for a variety of purposes which result in income generation and employment creation. The loans are extended mainly for:
- Business loan for Vendors, Traders, Shopkeepers and other Service Sector activities
- Working capital loan through MUDRA Cards
- Equipment Finance for Micro Units
- Transport Vehicle loans – for commercial use only
- Loans for agri-allied non-farm income generating activities, e.g. pisciculture. bee keeping, poultry farming, etc.
- Tractors, tillers as well as two wheelers used for commercial purposes only.
Following is an illustrative list of the activities that can be covered under MUDRA loans:
1) Transport Vehicle
Purchase of transport vehicles for transportation of goods and passengers such as auto rickshaws, small goods transport vehicles, 3 wheelers, e-rickshaws, taxis, etc. Tractors/Tractor Trolleys/Power Tillers used only for commercial purposes are also eligible for assistance under PMMY. Two Wheelers used for commercial purposes are also eligible for coverage under PMMY.
2) Community, Social & Personal Service Activities
Salons, beauty parlours, gymnasium, boutiques, tailoring shops, dry cleaning, cycle and motorcycle repair shops, DTP and Photocopying Facilities, Medicine Shops, Courier Agents, etc.
3) Food Products Sector
Activities such as papad making, achaar making, jam/jelly making, agricultural produce preservation at rural level, sweet shops, small service food stalls and day to day catering / canteen services, cold chain vehicles, cold storages, ice making units, ice cream making units, biscuit, bread and bun making, etc.
4) Textile Products Sector / Activity
Handloom, powerloom, khadi activity, chikan work, zari and zardozi work, traditional embroidery and hand work, traditional dyeing and printing, apparel design, knitting, cotton ginning, computerized embroidery, stitching and other textile non garment products such as bags, vehicle accessories, furnishing accessories, etc.
5) Business loans for Traders and Shopkeepers
Financial support for on lending to individuals for running their shops / trading & business activities / service enterprises and non-farm income generating activities with beneficiary loan size of up to 10 lakh per enterprise / borrower.
6) Equipment Finance Scheme for Micro Units
Setting up micro enterprises by purchasing necessary machinery / equipments with per beneficiary loan size of upto 10 lakh.
7) Activities allied to agriculture
‘Activities allied to agriculture’, e.g. pisciculture, bee keeping, poultry, livestock-rearing, grading, sorting, aggregation agro industries, diary, fishery, agri-clinics and agribusiness centres, food & agro-processing, etc.(excluding crop loans, land improvement such as canal, irrigation and wells) and services supporting these, which promote livelihood or are income generating shall be eligible for coverage under PMMY in 2016-17.